flick

The flick is a slight, but perceptible, forward and back movement that differentiates successive occurrences of the same handshape at the side placement (e.g., doves) or to emphasize a handshape by over-articulation.

Why do we flick?

When the same handshape occurs more than once in succession at the side placement, a flick is used so that each handshape can be seen by the receiver.

When cueing words like loves, craft, and horse, each word ends with two occurrences of the same handshape at the side placement. A flick is produced between the two occurrences of that handshape to make sure that both are clear to the receiver.

Notation

In the previous examples, an asterisk (*) has been used in the cue notation to represent where a flick would be present. In some cases, an apostrophe (‘)  is used. DailyCues uses an asterisk instead of an apostrophe to avoid confusion with the stress marks in our dictionary.

Examples 

Which handshapes may require a flick? That’s a trick question. Any one of the eight handshapes in the American Cued Speech system may need a flick depending on their context. Additionally, while previous examples of the flick occurred at the end of words, that is not always the case.

Beginning of Words

We may need to flick between handshapes at the beginning of words, as in the name Schwartz. Depending on your pronunciation of the following vowel, you may need to flick. Even though a side movement follows, the second occurrence of handshape 6 would not be distinguished without a flick. However, if you cue Schwartz with the chin placement, you do not need to flick because the hand moves away from the side placement. 

Flicks Within Words

A flick can occur in the middle of a word. Examine the following examples:

Flicks Between Words

Flicks not only occur in various positions within words. Flicks can also occur between words at word boundaries. Read the following sentence. How might this appear to a deaf cue reader if the flick were omitted?

His crimes are infamous.

Without the flick that occurs between his and crimes, the sentence might be confused as follows:

His rhymes are infamous.

Other examples of flicks at word boundaries include: 

  • fourth grade (not fourth raid)
  • these crows (not these rows)

Non-Examples

The following are instances when a flick is not necessary.

A Vowel Occurs Between Like-Handshapes

Flicks make sure each occurrence of a handshape is seen clearly. In words like cokepopMom, and knob, there is no need to flick because a vowel occurs between the two occurrences of the same handshape. Each handshape is clearly visible. The first is established at the side and by returning to the side, the final consonant is established. A flick is needed when the same handshape must occur at the side in immediate succession. If a vowel (or another handshape) occurs between the like-handshapes, you do not need to flick.

  • Some fan - no flick (/f/ goes to the throat)
  • those - no flick (vowel occurs between the handshapes)
  • tooth gel - no flick (/ʤjj/ goes to the chin)
  • skim milk - no flick (/m/ for milk goes to the throat)

Likewise, a flick may disappear in connected discourse. The word lift would contain a flick, but the words lift it would not if they are spoken without a pause. In this example, the final /ttt/ in lift moves away from the side placement to connect to the next word, it.

Instruction

Historically, flicks have not always gotten much time in introductory Cued Speech classes. Even in professionally produced materials and videos, flicks are given little attention and examples are limited. However, flicks can occur in places other than at the ends of words. Further, flicks can occur between handshapes other than handshapes 2, 3, and 5. 

Practice

Handshape 1

camouflaged, guidepost

Handshape 2

doves, drives, grooves, halves, involves, knives, leaves, loves, moves, olives, saves, serves, themselves, thieves, truths

Handshape 3

disrupted, enforced, hoarse

Handshape 4

cornbread, rainbow, unknown

Handshape 5

comfortable, coughed, craft, harmful, left, rooftop, scuffed, soft, stuffed, laughed, sloughed

Handshape 6

actuallyWelsh

More Practice 

External Links

doves

  • /dʌˈvz/
  • /duhˈvz/
  • /dŭˈvz/
  • 1sd2s*2s

loves

  • /lʌˈvz/
  • /luhˈvz/
  • /lŭˈvz/
  • 6sd2s*2s

craft

  • /kræˈft/
  • /kraˈft/
  • /krăˈft/
  • 2s3t5s*5s

horse

  • /hɔˈrs/
  • /hawˈrs/
  • /hôˈrs/
  • 3c3s*3s

Schwartz

  • /ʃwoˈrts/
  • /shwohˈrts/
  • /shwōˈrts/
  • 6s*6sf3s5s3s

Schwartz

  • /ʃwɔˈrts/
  • /shwawˈrts/
  • /shwôˈrts/
  • 6s6c3s5s3s

rainbow

  • /reɪˈnboʊˌ/
  • /rayˈnbohˌ/
  • /rāˈnbōˌ/
  • 3c5t4s*4sf

flashlight

  • /flæˈʃlɑɪˌt/
  • /flaˈshlieˌt/
  • /flăˈshlīˌt/
  • 5s6t6s*6s5t5s

those

  • /ðoʊˈz/
  • /tHohˈz/
  • /t͟hōˈz/
  • 2sf2s

camouflaged

  • /kæˈməflɑˌʒd/
  • /kaˈməflahˌzhd/
  • /kăˈməfläˌzhd/
  • 2t5sd5s6sf1s*1s

guidepost

  • /gɑɪˈdpoʊˌst/
  • /gieˈdpohˌst/
  • /gīˈdpōˌst/
  • 7s5t1s*1sf3s5s

doves

  • /dʌˈvz/
  • /duhˈvz/
  • /dŭˈvz/
  • 1sd2s*2s

drives

  • /drɑɪˈvz/
  • /drieˈvz/
  • /drīˈvz/
  • 1s3s5t2s*2s

grooves

  • /gruˈvz/
  • /grueˈvz/
  • /gro͞oˈvz/
  • 7s3c2s*2s

halves

  • /hæˈvz/
  • /haˈvz/
  • /hăˈvz/
  • 3t2s*2s

involves

  • /ɪnvɔˈlvz/
  • /invawˈlvz/
  • /ĭnvôˈlvz/
  • 5t4s2c6s2s*2s

knives

  • /nɑɪˈvz/
  • /nieˈvz/
  • /nīˈvz/
  • 4s5t2s*2s

leaves

  • /liˈvz/
  • /leeˈvz/
  • /lēˈvz/
  • 6m2s*2s

loves

  • /lʌˈvz/
  • /luhˈvz/
  • /lŭˈvz/
  • 6sd2s*2s

moves

  • /muˈvz/
  • /mueˈvz/
  • /mo͞oˈvz/
  • 5c2s*2s

olives

  • /ɑˈlɪvz/
  • /ahˈlivz/
  • /äˈlĭvz/
  • 5sf6t2s*2s

saves

  • /seɪˈvz/
  • /sayˈvz/
  • /sāˈvz/
  • 3c5t2s*2s

serves

  • /sɚˈvz/
  • /surˈvz/
  • /sûrˈvz/
  • 3m2s*2s

themselves

  • /ðɛmsɛˈlvz/
  • /tHehmsehˈlvz/
  • /t͟hěmsěˈlvz/
  • 2c5s3c6s2s*2s

thieves

  • /θiˈvz/
  • /theeˈvz/
  • /thēˈvz/
  • 7m2s*2s

truths

  • /truˈðz/
  • /trueˈtHz/
  • /tro͞oˈt͟hz/
  • 5s3c2s*2s

disrupted

  • /dɪsrʌˈptɪd/
  • /disruhˈptid/
  • /dĭsrŭˈptĭd/
  • 1t3s*3sd1s5t1s

enforced

  • /ɛnfoˈrst/
  • /ehnfohˈrst/
  • /ěnfōˈrst/
  • 5c4s5sf3s*3s5s

hoarse

  • /hɔˈrs/
  • /hawˈrs/
  • /hôˈrs/
  • 3c3s*3s

cornbread

  • /koˈrnbrɛˌd/
  • /kohˈrnbrehˌd/
  • /kōˈrnbrěˌd/
  • 2sf3s4s*4s3c1s

rainbow

  • /reɪˈnboʊˌ/
  • /rayˈnbohˌ/
  • /rāˈnbōˌ/
  • 3c5t4s*4sf

unknown

  • /ənnoʊˈn/
  • /ənnohˈn/
  • /ənnōˈn/
  • 5sd4s*4sf4s

comfortable

  • /kʌˈmftɚbəl/
  • /kuhˈmfturbəl/
  • /kŭˈmftûrbəl/
  • 2sd5s*5s5m4sd6s

coughed

  • /kɔˈft/
  • /kawˈft/
  • /kôˈft/
  • 2c5s*5s

craft

  • /kræˈft/
  • /kraˈft/
  • /krăˈft/
  • 2s3t5s*5s

harmful

  • /hɑˈrmfəl/
  • /hahˈrmfəl/
  • /häˈrmfəl/
  • 3sf3s5s*5sd6s

left

  • /lɛˈft/
  • /lehˈft/
  • /lěˈft/
  • 6c5s*5s

rooftop

  • /ruˈftɑˌp/
  • /rueˈftahˌp/
  • /ro͞oˈftäˌp/
  • 3c5s*5sf1s

scuffed

  • /skʌˈft/
  • /skuhˈft/
  • /skŭˈft/
  • 3s2sd5s*5s

soft

  • /sɔˈft/
  • /sawˈft/
  • /sôˈft/
  • 3c5s*5s

stuffed

  • /stʌˈft/
  • /stuhˈft/
  • /stŭˈft/
  • 3s5sd5s*5s

laughed

  • /læˈft/
  • /laˈft/
  • /lăˈft/
  • 6t5s*5s

sloughed

  • /slʌˈft/
  • /sluhˈft/
  • /slŭˈft/
  • 3s6sd5s*5s

actually

  • /æˈkʃwəli/
  • /aˈkshwəlee/
  • /ăˈkshwəlē/
  • 5t2s6s*6sd6m

Welsh

  • /wɛˈlʃ/
  • /wehˈlsh/
  • /wěˈlsh/
  • 6c6s*6s